Starbucks uses innovative PPA aggregation structure to invest in three renewable energy projects

Starbucks PPA

Starbucks just invested in a custom-built three-project renewable energy portfolio using LevelTen Energy’s procurement platform. This portfolio transaction by Starbucks, in which a corporate buyer simultaneously procures a fraction of the power generated by multiple new projects, is unprecedented. The PPA portfolio will provide clean power to the electricity grids that serve more than 3,000 U.S. Starbucks stores and communities by 2021, when all three projects are online. This is another proof point of Starbucks continuing to use their scale to drive innovation in the renewable energy sector.

“As we continue to strive towards building and operating the world’s largest green retail business, we know we need to find innovative business models to achieve our renewable energy goals,” said Patrick Leonard, energy manager for Starbucks company operated stores in the United States and Canada. “Not only does this portfolio model allow us to support new solar and wind farms that will deliver the clean energy equivalent to the electricity powering over 3,000 stores, it also opens the door for many new buyers to cost-effectively source smaller amounts of renewable energy.”

/*** Advertisement ***/


The portfolio incorporates 146 total megawatts from three new renewable energy projects in North Carolina, Oklahoma and Texas.

/*** Advertisement ***/
  • 50 megawatts of wind power from an ALLETE Clean Energy project in the SPP market, acquired from Apex Clean Energy;
  • 50 megawatts of solar power from a Cypress Creek Renewables project in the ERCOT market, and
  • 46 megawatts of solar power from a BayWa r.e. project in the PJM market.

It all came together via the LevelTen platform, which aggregated the three strategically-located power purchase agreements (PPAs), each with nearly-identical terms, from three distinct project developers. LevelTen Energy’s Dynamic Matching Engine curates and analyzes massive data sets on clean energy projects under development. In addition, the three projects were carefully selected to optimize performance of the entire portfolio. Collaboration between the developers and LevelTen through data sharing will enable Starbucks to monitor its renewable energy generation, track portfolio performance, and streamline contract management.

Don’t miss our Solar + Storage issue in July — subscribe to Solar Builder magazine (print or digital) for FREE today

The Portfolio model

As more corporate and industrial entities seek to procure renewable energy, longtime buyers like Starbucks help guide the industry by supporting innovative PPA deal structures. The portfolio model – much like a mutual fund – minimizes risk and allows buyers to capture the scale pricing benefits of the country’s largest, most economically attractive projects. The geographical and technological diversification inherent in a portfolio also better complements’ Starbucks’ energy footprint and strategy.

“The Starbucks portfolio PPA demonstrates the promise of new renewable energy purchasing models,” said Bryce Smith, founder and CEO of LevelTen Energy. “Starbucks is setting an important precedent in the corporate energy procurement space by demonstrating how a single off-taker can safely and easily procure shares of renewable energy from a variety new wind and solar projects. This approach enables many more corporate and institutional buyers to support, in a fiscally responsible way, the massive buildout of new clean energy projects across the globe.”

LevelTen can identify optimal available project combinations for individual corporate buyers. Companies can then execute PPA contracts, individually, independent of other corporate buyers, or they can choose to partner, explicitly, with other buyers. Starbucks and LevelTen believe that the flexibility and transactability offered by the Dynamic Matching Engine, a vital component of the LevelTen Energy platform, represents the future of aggregation.

“Starbucks is rethinking the future of retail with their new, innovative ‘Greener Stores’ framework and BayWa r.e. is delighted to support this effort with our partners at LevelTen,” said Jam Attari, CEO, BayWa r.e. Solar Projects LLC. “By contracting a significant portion of the energy from our Fern Solar project, Starbucks will make progress in their commitments while also allowing buyers with different energy needs to access cost competitive energy. This project continues BayWa r.e.’s significant contributions to economic and local community growth in the region.”


Comments are closed.